H.E. Sir. Jeremy Greenstock
Ambassador and Permanent Representative
Permanent Mission of the United Kingdom to
the United Nations
One Dag Hammarskjold plaza, 28th
855 Second Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10017
Dear Mr. President:
The Ethiopian prime minister, in his September
19, 2003, letter to the United Nations Security Council, has threatened
to wreck the Algiers peace agreement with Eritrea. In his letter,
the prime minister categorically rejected the April 13, 2003 “final
and binding” ruling by the Eritrean-Ethiopian Boundary Commission
on the border between the two nations. He has also threatened
to once again plunge the region in a blood bath by unleashing
another war unless he gets his way in the border dispute.
This lawless act is not only a material breach
of the Algiers agreement, but also an affront to the international
community, which has guaranteed its implementation.
As a result, the Organization of Eritrean Americans
(OEA) calls upon the Security Council to take a swift and decisive
action to stop Ethiopia’s reckless and dangerous attempt to damage
the peace process. We believe anything less than swift and decisive
action, including invoking Chapter 7 of the UN Charter, will only
lead to further deterioration of the situation on both sides of
the two nations’ border, but also the rest of the Horn of Africa.
The UN Security Council should not take the
Prime Minister’s threat of war lightly. Ethiopia launched three
successive offensives, which resulted in the deaths of over 120,000
Ethiopians and 19,000 Eritreans. The Ethiopian invasion of sovereign
Eritrean territories resulted in the destruction of infrastructure,
schools, hospitals and churches which Eritrea is trying to repair
and rehabilitate. The international community cannot allow that
to happen again.
Ethiopia has violated the terms of the Algiers
Agreement repeatedly and now has decided to reject the EEBC ruling
further undermining the peace treaty. Clearly the time has come
for the international community, and specifically the guarantors
of the Algiers Agreement, to shoulder their responsibilities.
Eritrea, which has scrupulously respected the Agreement,
accepted the border decision, and shown tremendous restraint and
The Organizations of Eritrean Americans calls
on the UN Security Council to:
Invoke Chapter 7 of the UN Charter, which the Algiers Agreement
calls for in the event of violation by any one of the parties;
Declare that Ethiopia’s violation of the Agreement, its rejection
of the border decision, its breach of UN Security Council Resolutions,
and its threat of war, constitute a threat to regional peace and
Impose comprehensive sanctions on Ethiopia.
Eritrea also calls on countries that have contributed to
UNMEE, to friends of
UNMEE, to stop sending aid to Ethiopia’s war
mongering regime. We ask them to help spare the peoples of Eritrea
and Ethiopia more suffering, by denying Ethiopia the resources
to wage another war.
The UN Security Council cannot allow Ethiopia
to hijack the peace desperately needed by the people of Ethiopia
and Eritrea as they seek to develop their countries. But, these
actions must be done without delay and in a way that would force
the lawless regime in Addis Ababa to stop its obstructionist strategy
once and for all.
President - Organization of Eritrean-Americans
Kofi Annan, UN Secretary General