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ModernDiplomacy.eu: Western Sahara: Round 3 into the final solution

Posted by: Berhane.Habtemariam59@web.de

Date: Monday, 01 April 2019

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A few days ago, there were the second Geneva talks clarified the discussion of the parties to the dispute of Western Sahara as a solution to the issue of a permanent and rational resolution. due to the debate, the Kingdom of Morocco was involved in clarifying the principle of self-determination during the second round table.

Due to this reaction, as emphasized by the Moroccan Foreign Minister Nasser Bourita, “to make clear the deception that were followed by this demand, and to put an end to the dreams and stories promoted by certain parties,” maintaining that combining the principle of self-determination of the independence of the southern provinces, “was misleading people.” Horst Kohler, the Personal Envoy of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, through the second round, to dedicate the necessary details to resolve this issue in accordance with Security Council resolutions, in accordance with Article II of Resolution 2440, which confirms that the solution must be rational and workable; One to the referendum, which makes the Moroccan position clear; that the Moroccan side fully confirmed that nobody during the two days of discussions provided evidence that self-determination in accordance with UN Security Council resolutions means the referendum, restating that there is no solution to the Western Sahara dispute except within the framework of the Kingdom of Moroccan sovereignty. The second of the discussions is a strive to his realistic suggestion, which is in agreement with the call of the international community to seek an agreed negotiated resolution. This is the call that seeks its purpose in the Kingdom’s proposal to authorize autonomy to the southern provinces, which is compatible with the principle of self-determination, It means A solution within the framework of self-government.

The parties tackled the principle of self-determination towards the second round table, and the Moroccan side highlighted that the discussion was an opportunity to make everybody bear their responsibilities and decisions. This provided to exposing the false rhetoric being sponsored in the camps, insisting that self-determination is to grant the population the right to encourage Economic and developmental level while upholding the specificity of the cultural area, which is guaranteed by the proposal for autonomy. The second round ended in a clear divergence of aspects, which made the Kingdom of Morocco regret his failure to respond to the practical proposals he proposes; but highlighted by the Minister of Foreign Affairs in Rabat “has confidence that the regional circumstances and the aspirations of the peoples of the five countries in the Arab Maghreb Union, and requested by the partners, whether Africans or Europeans, will promote confidence-building and deal constructively with dispute within the framework of the vision towards regional integration.”

Morocco’s participation in the meeting was in accordance with well-known references and principles related to sovereignty over all its soil, to touch a final solution to this regional dispute in the line with the second paragraph of Security Council Resolution 2440 adopted last October, stressing that autonomy is the rational and practical solution based on consensus and guarantor of permanence In keeping with the Moroccan position expressed, Sidi Hamdi Ould Errachid, the head of the Sakia El Hamra eyes, pointed out the presence of the representatives of the southern regions in a meeting UN envoy, highlighting that “their participation was largely and interfered in all the agenda points to confirm that the static representative expressed their representatives legitimate, and stressed that the development model elements launched by Morocco created a great dynamic in the southern provinces of the Kingdom.”

A member of the Moroccan delegation said that the international community represented by the UN Security Council and the United Nations is fully aware that “the representative of the Sahara population is confined to its legitimate representatives elected by the three southern regions and civil society representative Fatima Adly.”

He added: “We had a clear opinion as the key actor in the formulation of the Moroccan position, as representatives of the population that chose us through the free and fair choice, which was included in the ballot boxes in the region, which represents 80 percent, compared to the fifth represented by the inhabitants of Tindouf camps.” ” The kingdom of Morocco has been positively involved in the path of the United Nations, which is based on clear foundations linked to its territorial integrity and sovereignty over all its soil, in a constructive spirit to touch a final solution to the regional conflict.” This qualifies us as elected representatives to sustain a fixed position Southern provinces, Seen from its attachment to the territorial integrity of the Kingdom. “

The spokesman added that “the presence of the heads of the southern regions to impose the legitimate representation of the Saharans in the Sahara Hall in the talks,” he continued: “We fully expressed a comprehensive outlook of the recent development boom in the region and we also devoted the vision of the future to find a final political solution in accordance with a development approach holding from United Nations tendencies and resolutions concerning the Western Sahara conflict “.

 In Addition, The so-called Secretary-General of the Frente POLISARIO, Ibrahim Ghali, supported the African Union, the United Nations and the Kingdom of  Morocco to “hasten the long-awaited referendum on the self-determination of the African nation”. “If this is not done, the continent will not achieve the full freedom of its African population, Pretoria, which observed the presence of 15 African states within the Southern African Development Community (SADC), in back of the Frente POLISARIO, and after the “Geneva 2” round which resulted without any encouraging outcomes to sustain the international dialogue leading to a political resolution consistent between the conflicting parties .

Yet, ” The South African Development Community (SADC) conference in Pretoria is an indication of outstanding decisions, like the International Court of Justice (ICJ) (1975), which declines Moroccan sovereignty over the Sahara,” Ghali said. “The two neighboring states are distinct.” The conference was an accurate message to the Kingdom of Morocco and the European Union ” to end the grabbing and illegal exploitation of the natural resources of the country,” Ghali said, adding that ” the Sahara choices and aspirations are clear and firm in achieving freedom,”

In this regard, analyst and expert on the issues of Western Sahara pointed out that the explanations of Ibrahim Ghali and other leaders of the Polisario Front are for internal propaganda consumption, Because the reality exceeded the Polisario; the United Nations is surely talking about a realistic political resolution, ” emphasizing that ” the solution to such specifications is not represented by the referendum of self-determination, but represented by the solution proposed by the Kingdom of Morocco, the autonomy. “

This is quite superficial with regards to what is expected of Morocco after the “Geneva 2 Round Table”, there are two main aspects; the first reveals to the next Security Council resolution, which will be preceded by the report of the Secretary-General of the United Nations on the development of the political process and the scope of their conformity with Security Council resolutions, Also the entire process will be the key point of a comprehensive determination because it was the theme of discussion, negotiation especially the MINURSO and the financial support given by the United States of America, conditional on the disruption of the rigid situation in the file. The second aspect highlighted that after the Security Council resolution will push Kohler to plan for the tour {The Third Round} of the round table to be held next summer, which will be based on a new resolution, new outcomes of the Security Council, and the progress that may be in the second round, As noted, We are in front of political developments that concern the Western Sahara file, and the upcoming days will spell out the direction of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, At the level of the round table that was bet on them to enter into serious negotiations on the basis of a rational political solution.

To sum up, with a new chapter turned into the second round of talks, Horst Koehler, the Personal Envoy of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, showed the results of two days of discussion by the parties concerned, indicating “the enthusiasm of serious commitment of the participating parties” and stressing confidence-building to make successive progress through resolving one of the oldest African dispute” Western Sahara ” the conflict of , ; Which calls for a third round, for which no date has been set. 

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