For experts, this approach includes the proposed approach to Eritrea, for whom the rise of the young governor, with a progressive and conciliatory discourse, represented the possibility of dialogues and the return of territories hitherto occupied by Addis Ababa, but also a challenge.
According to the director for the Horn of Africa of International Crisis Group, Rashid Abdi, the decision of Ahmed to open the Ethiopian government system, considered authoritarian by critics, could be resonating with the Eritrean president, Isaiah Afwerki.
'If you see the rise of a close political leader, with a dynamic projection and an administrative orientation so far focused on transparency and the search for consensus, it is foreseeable to activate nerves in a neighbor, much more with the history of excessive control of Asmara ', said Abdi.
"The impact of the positive transformations here could have repercussions for Afwerki, although we have not yet managed to measure them in their magnitude," he added.
For his part, Hallelujah Lulie, a regional security analyst, said the 'big question now' is whether the head of state of Eritrea will hold openings.
"Maybe it will get closer to the reformist elements in the ruling party," he said. 'If you follow that path,
Achieving a lasting peace is likely to be a 'long and protracted process,' predicted Lulie, citing 'strong internal opposition' in Ethiopia, particularly among the Tigray communities, which border the neighboring state.
"The military is likely to be cautious and many people in the border region will want repairs and compensation for moving. 'And Eritrea is not a country that has a reputation for making quick deals. They are very cautious, "he said.
But Abdi stressed that the prime minister is likely to take advantage of Abiymania, the massive popular support that the reform program has generated, to his advantage.
'Unless something disastrous happens, I believe that the strengthening of ties will continue and this will redraw the geopolitical map of the region,' he concluded.