[dehai-news] (IFRC) Djibouti: Food Insecurity DREF Operation No. MDRDJ001 Final Report

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From: Biniam Haile \(SWE\) (eritrea.lave@comhem.se)
Date: Wed Mar 25 2009 - 15:03:32 EST

Djibouti: Food Insecurity DREF Operation No. MDRDJ001 Final Report

Source: International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies
Date: 24 Mar 2009
The International Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) is
a source of un-earmarked money created by the Federation in 1985 to
ensure that immediate financial support is available for Red Cross Red
Crescent response to emergencies. The DREF is a vital part of the
International Federation's disaster response system and increases the
ability of national societies to respond to disasters.
Summary: CHF 212,101 (USD 207,941 or EUR 131,739) was allocated from the
Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) on 18 July 2008 to
support the Red Crescent Society of Djibouti (RCSD) in delivering
assistance to 10,000 beneficiaries severely affected by the drought and
assess in detail the needs in view to launch an emergency appeal.
There was a delay in the recruitment of relief delegate who reported in
Djibouti on 29 August 2008. Therefore, the implementation period of the
DREF extended up to the end of November 2008 to fully achieve the
expected results. A detailed assessment for real needs, relief, water
and sanitation emergency activities were conducted. That helped to
minimize the effects of waterborne diseases on beneficiaries and to
facilitate distribution of relief goods to most vulnerable localities
where more than 10,000 pastoralists lived.
This operation was conducted in collaboration with the Government of
Djibouti, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and World
Food Programme (WFP).
The situation
In Djibouti, a total of 118,590 people were affected by the consequences
of below normal rainfall experienced in the last four poor consecutive
rainy seasons. A multiple of other factors added to the drought such as
high food prices (100 percent increase) eroded communities' survival
coping mechanism in general and pastoralist livelihoods in particular.
The few humanitarian organizations including the Red Crescent Society of
Djibouti supported by the Federation through the DREF, gave some basic
assistance. The scope of the drought consequences required more effort
to prevent the country from rapidly sliding into a chronic and complex
humanitarian situation
Coordination and partnerships
Red Crescent Society of Djibouti is the leading national humanitarian
organization in the country. Red Crescent Society of Djibouti as an
auxiliary to the Government and works closely with regional
commissioners to respond to the community needs especially in relief
related activities and environmental sanitation promotion related
The National Society coordinated with the Government and attended
inter-agency meetings to determine its role as defined by the
Government. The Federation Delegate based in Eritrea visited the Red
Crescent Society of Djibouti to assist in coordinating the Red Cross/Red
Crescent intervention to the drought.
Red Crescent Society of Djibouti, the Federation and ICRC in the country
worked in close coordination. A Task Force was established to involve
all Movement partners in a joint response. The basic framework and
modalities of an Operational Alliance served as guidance to organize the
coordination activities of the Red Cross Movement in response to this
Overall coordination of emergency relief activities with external actors
took place through the Minister of Interior (MoI). The RCSD worked in
close collaboration with MoI.
The World Food Programme undertook general food distribution for 55,000
people in the entire five regions of Djibouti until the end of May 2008.
Limited food available in the pipeline meant that full rations were only
provided to those in the North Western regions with others receiving
only partial ration, and in the month of June 2008 there was no food
distribution. The Red Crescent Society of Djibouti interventions were
coordinated closely with WFP and MoI to avoid duplication.
Red Cross and Red Crescent action
The DREF was allocated to the Red Crescent Society of Djibouti to
quickly support the most vulnerable people by addressing their water and
sanitation emergency needs. While conducting an assessment in details to
point out the most vulnerable areas real needs, reinforce the branch
volunteers' capacities by conducting training sessions for relief goods
distribution and hygiene promotion through Participatory Hygiene and
Sanitation Transformation (PHAST) method.

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