From: Berhane Habtemariam (Berhane.Habtemariam@gmx.de)
Date: Fri Mar 20 2009 - 10:01:54 EST
Foreign forays into African farming
Fri Mar 20, 2009 7:58am EDT
March 20 (Reuters) - A move by Madagascar's army-backed leader to nix a huge
South Korean farming deal has exposed the risks of such ventures in Africa.
South Korean firm Daewoo Logistics had planned to lease a million hectares
of Madagascar -- equivalent to the size of Qatar -- to grow food, reducing
the Asian country's dependence on U.S. or South American imports.
Following are some of the agricultural deals involving foreign companies or
governments elsewhere in Africa:
- The China Development Bank has granted loans worth several hundred million
dollars to agricultural processing firms, mostly in East Africa.
Governor Chen Yuan told African finance ministers in August the bank planned
further investments and urged Africans to grow cereals as well as cash
- Beijing has granted Angola a $1 billion agriculture loan, and is thinking
about lending more to rebuild the sector after decades of war, Angolan state
media said this month.
- In February, Chinese President Hu Jintao went on a four-nation African
tour to cement ties beyond the oil and mining sectors. In Senegal, he signed
a deal to buy 10,000 tonnes of groundnut oil, government media reported.
- Saudi Arabia's Hail Agricultural Development Co 6030.SE said in February
it would develop 9,200 hectares of land in
<http://www.reuters.com/news/globalcoverage/sudan> Sudan to grow food in a
deal that could be worth $45 million.
Riyadh would pay for 60 percent of the cost of the project, Saudi's first
such move into the continent, the company said.
- Investor Philippe Heilberg's New York-based firm Jarch Capital said in
January it was involved in a deal to lease approximately 400,000 hectares in
Mayom county, southern <http://www.reuters.com/news/globalcoverage/sudan>
South <http://www.reuters.com/news/globalcoverage/sudan> Sudan's
semi-autonomous government said it was looking into the deal, involving a
senior local army commander.
- British energy firm CAMS Group said last year it had bought 45,000
hectares in Tanzania to produce 240 million litres of ethanol a year from
- Swedish firm Sekab, one of Europe's biggest biofuels producers, plans to
establish several plantations in Tanzania in the next 10-15 years, and is
negotiating with Mozambique over 100,000 hectares.
- Germany's Flora EcoPower is investing $77 million in Ethiopia's Oromia
state as part of a purchase of over 13,000 hectares for biofuel production.
- India has invested nearly $4 billion in Ethiopia, including in
agriculture, flower growing and sugar estates. The country's Tendaho Sugar
Enterprise is being built using a $640 million loan from a state-owned
- Private equity fund Agri-Vie is raising up to $100 million to invest in
agricultural projects in South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Ghana and
Agri-Vie's backers include South Africa's Development Bank of Southern
Africa and Industrial Development Corp, and private entities such as the
W.K. Kellogg Foundation, started in 1930 by the breakfast cereal pioneer.
- Abu Dhabi announced plans in July to develop over 28,000 hectares in
<http://www.reuters.com/news/globalcoverage/sudan> Sudan to grow alfalfa,
used in animal feed, and probably corn, beans and potatoes.
- The United Arab Emirates has farms in several
<http://www.reuters.com/news/globalcoverage/sudan> Sudanese provinces,
including a 17,000 hectare farm for wheat and corn
- U.S.-based Dole Food Co. [DHMHLF.UL] and Chiquita Brands International are
talking with Angola to help rebuild the once prosperous banana industry in
Vale do Cavaco.
Brazilian building giant Odebrecht [ODBES.UL] has also announced plans to
invest in Angola's sugar and ethanol sector.
- Britain's Sun Biofuels plans to grow about 5,500 hectares of jatropha in
Tanzania. The company also grows jatropha in Ethiopia and has similar
projects in Mozambique.
* For story on possible fallout from Madagascar's turmoil, click on
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