[dehai-news] Interviews - President Obama Communicates with the Muslim World [Full Transcript]

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From: Berhane Habtemariam (Berhane.Habtemariam@gmx.de)
Date: Fri Jan 30 2009 - 09:13:04 EST


President Obama Communicates with the Muslim World [Full Transcript]
30 Jan, 2009 - 1:57:57 PM

In his first interview since taking office, President Barack Obama told Arab
satellite station Al Arabiya that Americans are not the enemy of the Muslim
world and said Israel and the Palestinians should resume peace negotiations.

"My job to the Muslim world is to communicate that the Americans are not
your enemy," Obama told Al Arabiya's Hisham Melhem in an interview broadcast
Tuesday morning.

During the presidential election campaign last year, Obama vowed to improve
U.S. ties with the Muslim world and after he won promised to give a speech
in a Muslim capital in his first 100 days in office. The President repeated
this pledge in the interview but did not give a time or specify the venue.


U.S. President Barack Obama

Obama pointed out that he had lived in the world's largest Muslim nation,
Indonesia for several years while growing up, and said his travels through
Muslim countries had convinced him that regardless of faith, people had
certain common hopes and dreams.

In the interview, Obama called for resumed negotiations between Israel and
the Palestinians and said his administration wanted to begin by listening
and talking to all parties involved in the conflict without prejudging their

He also praised Saudi King Abdulla for putting forward an Arab peace plan
and said his administration would adopt a more extensive and regional
approach in its relationship with the Muslim world.

"[W]e are ready to initiated a new partnership based on mutual respect and
mutual interest," said Obama, noting that only then can progress be

Obama, who took office a week ago, said he had already begun to fulfill the
promises he made during his campaign by naming former U.S. Sen. George
Mitchell as his Middle East peace envoy and sending him to the region within
days of becoming president. Mitchell arrived in the region Monday evening on
the start of a nine day tour.

Although Obama expressed support for a contiguous Palestinian state, he
hedged on specifying when or with what borders.

"I think it is possible for us to see a Palestinian state - I'm not going to
put a time frame on it - that is contiguous," the president told Al Arabiya.

Obama reiterated America's support to Israel and the "paramount" importance
of the Jewish state's security, making no mention of the suffering of
Palestinians, the Gaza war, or the continuing Israeli blockade of the
beleaguered territory.

Prior to his Jan. 20 inauguration Obama had remained silent about his views
on the 22-day Israeli offensive in Gaza that left more than 1,300
Palestinians dead.

He also reiterated his promise to withdraw troops from Iraq, close the
infamous Guantanamo prison and respect the rule of law.

Breaking with his predecessor George W. Bush, who had a penchant for
adopting terms like Islamofacism and crusade that heightened tensions with
the Muslim world, Obama underscored the importance of language and repeated
the importance of listening as a part of communication.

"[M]y job is to communicate the fact that the United States has a stake in
the well-being of the Muslim world that the language we use has to be a
language of respect," he said.

"[T]he language we use matters," he continued. "We cannot paint with a broad
brush a faith as a consequence of the violence that is done in that faith's

Yet his continuing silence on the enormous amount of civilian casualties
during the Israeli offensive and accusations by the U.N. and humanitarian
organizations that Israel committed war crimes also spoke volumes to an
audience that has waited for America to take a more balanced approach to the


The following is a full transcript of Hisham Melhem's interview with
President Obama on Al Arabiya TV:

Q: Mr. President, thank you for this opportunity, we really appreciate it.

THE PRESIDENT: Thank you so much.

Q: Sir, you just met with your personal envoy to the Middle East, Senator
Mitchell. Obviously, his first task is to consolidate the cease-fire. But
beyond that you've been saying that you want to pursue actively and
aggressively peacemaking between the Palestinians and the Israelis. Tell us
a little bit about how do you see your personal role, because, you know, if
the President of the United States is not involved, nothing happens - as the
history of peace making shows. Will you be proposing ideas, pitching
proposals, parameters, as one of your predecessors did? Or just urging the
parties to come up with their own resolutions, as your immediate predecessor

THE PRESIDENT: Well, I think the most important thing is for the United
States to get engaged right away. And George Mitchell is somebody of
enormous stature. He is one of the few people who have international
experience brokering peace deals.

And so what I told him is start by listening, because all too often the
United States starts by dictating -- in the past on some of these issues
--and we don't always know all the factors that are involved. So let's
listen. He's going to be speaking to all the major parties involved. And he
will then report back to me. From there we will formulate a specific

Ultimately, we cannot tell either the Israelis or the Palestinians what's
best for them. They're going to have to make some decisions. But I do
believe that the moment is ripe for both sides to realize that the path that
they are on is one that is not going to result in prosperity and security
for their people. And that instead, it's time to return to the negotiating

And it's going to be difficult, it's going to take time. I don't want to
prejudge many of these issues, and I want to make sure that expectations are
not raised so that we think that this is going to be resolved in a few
months. But if we start the steady progress on these issues, I'm absolutely
confident that the United States -- working in tandem with the European
Union, with Russia, with all the Arab states in the region -- I'm absolutely
certain that we can make significant progress.

Q: You've been saying essentially that we should not look at these issues --
like the Palestinian-Israeli track and separation from the border region --
you've been talking about a kind of holistic approach to the region. Are we
expecting a different paradigm in the sense that in the past one of the
critiques -- at least from the Arab side, the Muslim side -- is that
everything the Americans always tested with the Israelis, if it works. Now
there is an Arab peace plan, there is a regional aspect to it. And you've
indicated that. Would there be any shift, a paradigm shift?

THE PRESIDENT: Well, here's what I think is important. Look at the proposal
that was put forth by King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia --

Q: Right.

THE PRESIDENT: I might not agree with every aspect of the proposal, but it
took great courage --

Q: Absolutely.

THE PRESIDENT: -- to put forward something that is as significant as that. I
think that there are ideas across the region of how we might pursue peace.

I do think that it is impossible for us to think only in terms of the
Palestinian-Israeli conflict and not think in terms of what's happening with
Syria or Iran or Lebanon or Afghanistan and Pakistan.

These things are interrelated. And what I've said, and I think Hillary
Clinton has expressed this in her confirmation, is that if we are looking at
the region as a whole and communicating a message to the Arab world and the
Muslim world, that we are ready to initiate a new partnership based on
mutual respect and mutual interest, then I think that we can make
significant progress.

Now, Israel is a strong ally of the United States. They will not stop being
a strong ally of the United States. And I will continue to believe that
Israel's security is paramount. But I also believe that there are Israelis
who recognize that it is important to achieve peace. They will be willing to
make sacrifices if the time is appropriate and if there is serious
partnership on the other side.

And so what we want to do is to listen, set aside some of the preconceptions
that have existed and have built up over the last several years. And I think
if we do that, then there's a possibility at least of achieving some

Q: I want to ask you about the broader Muslim world, but let me - one final
thing about the Palestinian-Israeli theater. There are many Palestinians and
Israelis who are very frustrated now with the current conditions and they
are losing hope, they are disillusioned, and they believe that time is
running out on the two-state solution because - mainly because of the
settlement activities in Palestinian-occupied territories.

Will it still be possible to see a Palestinian state -- and you know the
contours of it -- within the first Obama administration?

THE PRESIDENT: I think it is possible for us to see a Palestinian state --
I'm not going to put a time frame on it -- that is contiguous, that allows
freedom of movement for its people, that allows for trade with other
countries, that allows the creation of businesses and commerce so that
people have a better life.

And, look, I think anybody who has studied the region recognizes that the
situation for the ordinary Palestinian in many cases has not improved. And
the bottom line in all these talks and all these conversations is, is a
child in the Palestinian Territories going to be better off? Do they have a
future for themselves? And is the child in Israel going to feel confident
about his or her safety and security? And if we can keep our focus on making
their lives better and look forward, and not simply think about all the
conflicts and tragedies of the past, then I think that we have an
opportunity to make real progress.

But it is not going to be easy, and that's why we've got George Mitchell
going there. This is somebody with extraordinary patience as well as
extraordinary skill, and that's what's going to be necessary.

Q: Absolutely. Let me take a broader look at the whole region. You are
planning to address the Muslim world in your first 100 days from a Muslim
capital. And everybody is speculating about the capital. (Laughter) If you
have anything further, that would be great. How concerned are you --
because, let me tell you, honestly, when I see certain things about America
-- in some parts, I don't want to exaggerate -- there is a demonization of

THE PRESIDENT: Absolutely.

Q: It's become like a new religion, and like a new religion it has new
converts -- like a new religion has its own high priests.


Q: It's only a religious text.


Q: And in the last -- since 9/11 and because of Iraq, that alienation is
wider between the Americans and -- and in generations past, the United
States was held high. It was the only Western power with no colonial legacy.


Q: How concerned are you and -- because people sense that you have a
different political discourse. And I think, judging by (inaudible) and
Zawahiri and Osama bin Laden and all these, you know -- a chorus --

THE PRESIDENT: Yes, I noticed this. They seem nervous.

Q: They seem very nervous, exactly. Now, tell me why they should be more

THE PRESIDENT: Well, I think that when you look at the rhetoric that they've
been using against me before I even took office --

Q: I know, I know.

THE PRESIDENT: -- what that tells me is that their ideas are bankrupt.
There's no actions that they've taken that say a child in the Muslim world
is getting a better education because of them, or has better health care
because of them.

In my inauguration speech, I spoke about: You will be judged on what you've
built, not what you've destroyed. And what they've been doing is destroying
things. And over time, I think the Muslim world has recognized that that
path is leading no place, except more death and destruction.

Now, my job is to communicate the fact that the United States has a stake in
the well-being of the Muslim world that the language we use has to be a
language of respect. I have Muslim members of my family. I have lived in
Muslim countries.

Q: The largest one.

THE PRESIDENT: The largest one, Indonesia. And so what I want to communicate
is the fact that in all my travels throughout the Muslim world, what I've
come to understand is that regardless of your faith -- and America is a
country of Muslims, Jews, Christians, non-believers -- regardless of your
faith, people all have certain common hopes and common dreams.

And my job is to communicate to the American people that the Muslim world is
filled with extraordinary people who simply want to live their lives and see
their children live better lives. My job to the Muslim world is to
communicate that the Americans are not your enemy. We sometimes make
mistakes. We have not been perfect. But if you look at the track record, as
you say, America was not born as a colonial power, and that the same respect
and partnership that America had with the Muslim world as recently as 20 or
30 years ago, there's no reason why we can't restore that. And that I think
is going to be an important task.

But ultimately, people are going to judge me not by my words but by my
actions and my administration's actions. And I think that what you will see
over the next several years is that I'm not going to agree with everything
that some Muslim leader may say, or what's on a television station in the
Arab world -- but I think that what you'll see is somebody who is listening,
who is respectful, and who is trying to promote the interests not just of
the United States, but also ordinary people who right now are suffering from
poverty and a lack of opportunity. I want to make sure that I'm speaking to
them, as well.

Q: Tell me, time is running out, any decision on from where you will be
visiting the Muslim world?

THE PRESIDENT: Well, I'm not going to break the news right here.

Q: Afghanistan?

THE PRESIDENT: But maybe next time. But it is something that is going to be
important. I want people to recognize, though, that we are going to be
making a series of initiatives. Sending George Mitchell to the Middle East
is fulfilling my campaign promise that we're not going to wait until the end
of my administration to deal with Palestinian and Israeli peace, we're going
to start now. It may take a long time to do, but we're going to do it now.

We're going to follow through on our commitment for me to address the Muslim
world from a Muslim capital. We are going to follow through on many of my
commitments to do a more effective job of reaching out, listening, as well
as speaking to the Muslim world.

And you're going to see me following through with dealing with a drawdown of
troops in Iraq, so that Iraqis can start taking more responsibility. And
finally, I think you've already seen a commitment, in terms of closing
Guantanamo, and making clear that even as we are decisive in going after
terrorist organizations that would kill innocent civilians, that we're going
to do so on our terms, and we're going to do so respecting the rule of law
that I think makes America great.

Q: President Bush framed the war on terror conceptually in a way that was
very broad, "war on terror," and used sometimes certain terminology that the
many people -- Islamic fascism. You've always framed it in a different way,
specifically against one group called al Qaeda and their collaborators. And
is this one way of --

THE PRESIDENT: I think that you're making a very important point. And that
is that the language we use matters. And what we need to understand is, is
that there are extremist organizations -- whether Muslim or any other faith
in the past -- that will use faith as a justification for violence. We
cannot paint with a broad brush a faith as a consequence of the violence
that is done in that faith's name.

And so you will I think see our administration be very clear in
distinguishing between organizations like al Qaeda -- that espouse violence,
espouse terror and act on it -- and people who may disagree with my
administration and certain actions, or may have a particular viewpoint in
terms of how their countries should develop. We can have legitimate
disagreements but still be respectful. I cannot respect terrorist
organizations that would kill innocent civilians and we will hunt them down.

But to the broader Muslim world what we are going to be offering is a hand
of friendship.

Q: Can I end with a question on Iran and Iraq then quickly?

THE PRESIDENT: It's up to the team --

MR. GIBBS: You have 30 seconds. (Laughter)

Q: Will the United States ever live with a nuclear Iran? And if not, how far
are you going in the direction of preventing it?

THE PRESIDENT: You know, I said during the campaign that it is very
important for us to make sure that we are using all the tools of U.S. power,
including diplomacy, in our relationship with Iran.

Now, the Iranian people are a great people, and Persian civilization is a
great civilization. Iran has acted in ways that's not conducive to peace and
prosperity in the region: their threats against Israel; their pursuit of a
nuclear weapon which could potentially set off an arms race in the region
that would make everybody less safe; their support of terrorist
organizations in the past -- none of these things have been helpful.

But I do think that it is important for us to be willing to talk to Iran, to
express very clearly where our differences are, but where there are
potential avenues for progress. And we will over the next several months be
laying out our general framework and approach. And as I said during my
inauguration speech, if countries like Iran are willing to unclench their
fist, they will find an extended hand from us.

Q: Shall we leave Iraq next interview, or just --

MR. GIBBS: Yes, let's -- we're past, and I got to get him back to dinner
with his wife.

Q: Sir, I really appreciate it.

THE PRESIDENT: Thank you so much.

Q: Thanks a lot.

THE PRESIDENT: I appreciate it.

Q: Thank you.




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