Date: Sun Jan 04 2009 - 23:36:50 EST
Israel has yet to learn the US lesson, that the war on terror was a failure
Americans now realise that aggression fuels extremism. This offers Obama
the chance for a new Middle East policy
* Gary Younge
On New Year's Day Atif Irfan boarded an AirTran flight at Reagan National
Airport in Washington with seven members of his family. Edging his way down
the aisle, he wondered out loud to his wife whether the back of the plane
was the best place to be. As they took their seats, his sister-in-law said
she thought it was the safest part, rather than being close to the engine
or wings "in case something happened".
The conversation was overheard by two teenage girls, who took one look at
the mens' dark skin and beards and the women's headscarves and saw a family
of suicide bombers, including three small children aged between two and
seven. The girls told their parents; their parents told the flight
attendant; the flight attendant told the air marshals and then the captain;
the air marshals called the FBI and the airport police.
The pilot asked the marshals to remove the entire family from the plane.
Then officials asked everybody else to get off so they could perform a
thorough sweep. The family (as well as a family friend who happened to be
on the same flight) was surrounded by armed guards, detained for
questioning and then released. The plane eventually took off without them.
When they tried to get on a later AirTran flight the airline refused to
book them, even though they had been cleared (it has since apologised).
The Irfan family's ordeal escalated according to its own humiliating logic.
And yet seven years after 9/11 it was no isolated incident. Pre-emptive,
presumptive, disproportionate and discriminatory, it speaks volumes about
the prevailing values those two American teenagers have lived with for much
of their lives. A world that confuses Muslim and terrorist, and conflates
the civilian and combatant by taking popular fear and prejudice and handing
them over to state power. Driven by the maxim that you are better safe than
sorry, it leaves nobody safe and everybody sorry. The only thing that
prevented this particular incident from becoming yet another ideal metaphor
for the war on terror is that nobody was killed or disappeared.
There is nothing particularly American about this. Like Nike or McDonald's,
the war on terror may have started here but it quickly got branded and went
global. In the months after the attacks on the World Trade Centre and the
Pentagon, everybody wanted a piece of the action. President George Bush
found himself in illustrious company. Among others, Zimbabwe's president,
Robert Mugabe, and India's former prime minster Atal Bihari Vajpayee sought
to ride his coattails to their own version of violent despotism.
However, few nations pursued it with such consistent zeal as Israel. "You
in America are in a war against terror," Ariel Sharon said after he left
the White House following suicide bombings in Haifa and Jerusalem in
December 2001. "We in Israel are in a war against terror - it's the same
The trouble is that over the last seven years, the war on terror has been
thoroughly discredited - not only morally, but militarily and
strategically. Nobody listens to moderates, let alone to reason, when bombs
are falling and people are dying. That is as true for the rockets that have
killed a handful of Israelis as it is for the barrage of bombs and now
tanks that have killed hundreds of Palestinians.
By erasing any prospect of negotiation, the violence did not weaken
extremists but emboldened them. Israel may want to boost the moderate Fatah
faction which governs the West Bank now. But Hamas's electoral rise was a
direct result of the contempt the Israeli's showed them in the past.
Meanwhile, the Iraq war has left Iran - the primary sponsor of both
Hezbollah and Hamas - with far more influence in the region than they would
have had. On almost every front in almost every part of the world,
including in the US, the war on terror is now seen as a colossal mistake.
Only Israel did not get the memo. And it is now set to fail for the same
reasons that America has.
Diplomatically, Israeli efforts to sell its bombardment and now invasion of
Gaza as a straightforward extension of the war on terror have been fairly
blatant. It has described the shelling of homes, mosques and police
stations as the destruction of "the infrastructure of terror". Even as the
rest of the world condemns it, Israel's foreign minister, and Kadima party
leader, Tzipi Livni, has been telling anyone who will listen that her
country's actions place it firmly within the community of nations and
leaves Gazans and their democratically elected rulers outside.
"Israel is part of the free world and fights extremism and terrorism. Hamas
is not," she said. And from there we are just one small step away from
putting the world on notice that either "you're with us or you're with the
terrorists". "These are the days when every individual in the region and in
the world has to choose a side," Livni said.
Meanwhile, Israel has been busy implementing the very tenets of the war on
terror that have served the US so badly, primarily that intractable
political problems can be solved solely by military means with the aim of
not simply bombing your enemies into submission, but eliminating them
altogether and then creating resolution on your own terms from the rubble.
"What I think we need to do is to reach a situation in which we do not
allow Hamas to govern," said Vice-Premier Haim Ramon. "That is the most
important thing." Who he thinks should govern when Hamas has gone, and
precisely what legitimacy they would have, does not seem to bother him. He
does not want to change the government of Gaza, he wants to change the
On this matter Livni is right. People do have to choose sides. But, so far,
it has not been her side. Seven years after 9/11 the world has a good idea
of what's coming next and how widespread the ramifications might be - and
they want no part of it. The war on terror is over. War lost. For the first
time in a long time, that even appears to be true in America.
A recent Rasmussen poll shows the American public far less indulgent of
Israeli aggression than many previously believed. Opinion on the bombing of
Gaza is fairly evenly divided, showing 44% supporting Israel's military
action against the Palestinians and 41% saying it should have tried to find
a diplomatic solution to the problems.
Given the absence of any honest or informed debate about events in the
Middle East, this suggests significant room for manoeuvre for
President-elect Obama in pursuing a more even-handed policy towards the
region, if he should chose to take it.
The benefits could strengthen America's hand throughout the region.
Majorities in seven Arab nations say their opinion of the US would
significantly improve if it put pressure on Israel to comply with
international law in its treatment of Palestinians - generally more than
say the same about closing Guantánamo Bay, according to Gallup.
That is the change both America and the Middle East need. It's also the
change most of the rest of the world wants to believe in.
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