(Washington Post) In Sweden’s Ikea attack, two migrants, two slayings and rampant fear of refugees

From: Biniam Tekle <biniamt_at_dehai.org_at_dehai.org>
Date: Thu, 1 Oct 2015 23:11:02 -0400


<span class="sewka9j6pfbyp4m"><br></span>Morning Mix

In Sweden’s Ikea attack, two migrants, two slayings and rampant fear of refugees

By Michael E. Miller September 29

Kerstin Söderström was considering which frying pan to purchase when
she heard the screams.

Söderström and her next-door neighbor, Eivy Albinsson, had just
finished eating lunch in the cafeteria of an Ikea in Västerås, Sweden,
when they headed downstairs to shop. Söderström, a middle-aged woman
with glasses and a green thumb, stopped to admire the big box store’s
flower selection. Then the two friends walked to the kitchenware

That’s when they heard it.

“A shriek-like sound,” Albinsson would recall later. “Heart-rending
screams,” according to another Ikea shopper. Screams so piercing
Söderström couldn’t tell whether they belonged to a man or a woman.

They belonged to both.

Just a few yards away from the two women, a mother and her son lay
lifelessly in rapidly expanding pools of blood. A severed finger lay
on the store’s linoleum floor.

Nearby lay another man, also injured: Abraham Ukbagabir, a 35-year-old
Eritrean man who had arrived in Sweden only five months earlier.

Next to him lay a bloody knife.

As Söderström and Albinsson screamed for the police, a third man —
like Ukbagabir, young and thin — walked past them and toward the exit.

“Stop him,” the women yelled but the man disappeared up the stairs and
into the crowd of frightened customers.

The Aug. 10 attack — described in detail in police reports obtained by
The Washington Post — would prove to be one of the most scandalous in
recent Swedish history. The mother and son, both Swedes, died from
their stab wounds. The two suspects, Ukbagabir and a fellow Eritrean
named Yohannes Mahari, were quickly arrested for murder.

They were both asylum-seekers.

[‘Mad’ stabbings turn Ikea store in Sweden into a house of horrors]

The killings could not have come at a more fraught time, for Sweden
and for Europe. The continent and the country are both scrambling to
deal with an influx of millions of migrants from North Africa and the
Middle East. Aside from Germany, Sweden has taken in more refugees —
75,000 in the first six months of 2015 — than any other country in
Europe. But that policy has also fueled fierce criticism, along with
the meteoric rise of the far-right political party Sweden Democrats.

A police office talks to customers outside the Ikea store in Vasteras,
Sweden, Aug. 10, after three people were injured in a knife attack at
the store. (Peter Kruger/TT via AP)

In the days after the Ikea attack, rumors and outrage swirled on
nationalist Swedish Web sites. Bloggers claimed that the two Eritreans
were Muslims who had screamed “Allahu Akbar,” or “God is great” in
Arabic, and beheaded their white victims in an act of overt terrorism.

“Time to wake up, Swedish people,” wrote Björn Söder, a top Sweden
Democrats official, in a Facebook post blaming the Ikea attack on the
country’s pro-immigration policies.

The reality of the Ikea incident is much more complicated, however,
from the true identity of the killer to the motivation for the attack.
It’s the story of two migrants thrust together by fate and united by a
mistaken media. And it’s a story of desperation, perhaps madness, but
not Islam.

The murders and the misinformation surrounding them are instructive,
however. They shed light on the very real fear that shakes Sweden,
Europe and — to a lesser extent — the United States as millions of
migrants flee from Syria and seek asylum in the west.

“This happened at a time when there is a very weak government, when
immigration is what everybody is talking about, when we have a radical
nationalist party, the Sweden Democrats, becoming almost the biggest
party in Sweden,” said Daniel Poohl, editor-in-chief of Swedish
investigative magazine Expo. “So there are a lot of things happening
in Sweden that create the feeling of ‘What the f— is going on?'”

“This killing became the epicenter of that kind of feeling.”

Migrants from the same country, but worlds apart

When Abraham Ukbagabir arrived in Sweden sometime this spring, he
hoped he had put Eritrea and his painful journey behind him forever.
The refugee shelter in Arboga, a small town near Västerås, was little
more than a low-slung motel made of corrugated metal and cinder
blocks. But for Ukbagabir, a handsome 35-year-old, it was a new

Even here, in the middle of the Scandinavian countryside, however, he
was still surrounded by men like him. More than 80 other migrants
lived in the shelter, most of them young men eager for a better life.
Among them was at least one other Eritrean: a lanky 23-year-old with
curly hair and skinny jeans named Yohannes Mahari. By the time
Ukbagabir arrived in April or May, Mahari had already been in Arboga
for a year.

The two Eritreans exchanged numbers and made small talk in their
native language of tigrinja. But they quickly realized they were
separated by something more powerful than their shared provenance.


Whereas Mahari had somehow managed to arrive in Sweden without being
apprehended elsewhere in Europe, Ukbagabir had been initially stopped
in Italy. “He was the subject of some altercation in Italy, and he had
had to provide his fingerprints there,” according to a police report.
According to European Union’s immigration rules, dubbed the Dublin
Regulation, Ukbagabir would have to return to Italy to claim asylum.

Abraham Ukbagabir, right, holds two knives in his hands moments before
allegedly using them to kill two people inside an Ikea in Vasteras,
Sweden. Yohannes Mahari trails behind him, allegedly unaware of what
was about to happen. (Västmanland District Court)

On the morning of Aug. 10, Ukbagabir took the train from Arboga into
Västerås, where officials at the immigration office delivered the
news: He was going to be deported.

“He was very disappointed to hear that,” according to an interview he
later gave to police.

As Ukbagabir walked out of the immigration office, however, he bumped
into Mahari. The younger man had received permission to stay in Sweden
two months earlier. Now he was at the immigration office to obtain a
personal identity number, which would allow him to work and receive
welfare benefits. The two men’s lives were headed in different

“Mahari asked [Ukbagabir] what the purpose of his visit there was all
about,” according to Mahari’s interview with police. “Abraham just

Then Ukbagabir had an idea: He suggested Mahari accompany him to Ikea
to buy a cellphone. He even bought the younger man a bus ticket.

Ikea, the symbol of Sweden

Mahari had never been to Ikea before. He had lived in Sweden for 16
months but with no Swedish, English or money, his life was narrowly
circumscribed. When Ukbagabir used his limited English to guide them
to the big box store, the younger Eritrean witnessed his adopted
country’s full cultural and consumerist power for the first time.

For several minutes, Mahari followed Ukbagabir around the store, as if
overwhelmed. But he didn’t see any cellphones. And as they walked
through the kitchenware department, Ukbagabir began picking up items
and mumbling about needing to buy them.

First it was a pot. Then it was two razor-sharp kitchen knives.

When Ukbagabir began opening their plastic protective packaging,
Mahari got nervous. He asked the older man if he was going to buy the
knives, but Ukbagabir didn’t answer.

Instead, he attacked.

Abraham Ukbagabir, below right, holds two knives in his hands moments
before allegedly using them to kill two people inside an Ikea in
Vasteras, Sweden. A woman, believed to be victim Carola Herlin, can be
seen to the left. (Västmanland District Court)

Carola Herlin, 55, and her 28-year-old son Emil were across the
kitchenware section when Ukbagabir suddenly came at them with a knife
in each hand. It’s unclear which one he attacked first, but it was
Emil’s finger that was sliced off as he tried to defend himself. Their
screams filled the Ikea, startling Kerstin Söderström and Eivy
Albinsson as they looked at frying pans nearby.

As Ukbagabir slashed at the two strangers, Mahari fled.

“Mahari claims that Abraham did not give him any hint as to what was
about to happen,” according to his interview with police. “Mahari
believes that Abraham very possibly was also planning to attack Mahari

“Yohannes states that he saw the knife, and that he became very
frightened,” the report continued. “He repeats that he was shocked,
became afraid, and that everything happened too fast. He states that
he doesn’t know anything. He adds that a crowd of people gathered,
and that he just ran from there.”

“Yohannes ran away from there, heading for the bus stop as he was
‘scared to death,'” according to the report. “The police came to [the
bus stop], at which time he couldn’t speak for himself due to his
limited language capacity,” so cops tackled him to the ground,
injuring his right knee.

When Västerås police investigators interrogated him about what
happened inside the Ikea, Mahari said — through a translator — that he
felt “betrayed” by his fellow Eritrean, who had “lured” him there.

“He murdered them,” Mahari said.

Chaos and confusion

When police arrived at the Ikea, however, Mahari was the only man they
arrested. Witnesses including Söderström and Albinsson had spotted him
fleeing from the scene of the crime.

Ukbagabir, meanwhile, was lying on the floor of the kitchenware
department, “severely injured but still alive,” according to a police
report. Paramedics whisked what they thought was a third victim to the

As cops interviewed other witnesses and reviewed security footage,
however, it quickly became clear that Ukbagabir wasn’t a victim, but
the culprit. When they were finally able to interview him three days
later, he admitted as much.

Passengers, among them migrants and refugees, exit the German ferry
terminal in Goteborg, Sweden, Sept. 11. Sweden expects to receive
80,000 refugees this year and has more asylum seekers per capita than
any other European nation thanks to a generous immigration policy
allowing automatic permanent residency for Syrians. (Adam Ihse/TT News
Agency via Reuters)

“Abraham is asked by the interrogation leader how and why he was found
injured at Ikea in Västerås, whereupon he again says that all he wants
is peace,” according to the interview report. “Abraham is asked
thereafter if he had become involved in a conflict, or had attacked
some people inside the store, and Abraham states that he attacked two
individuals, and that he used a knife.”

Ukbagabir explained that he “just lost control” after learning that he
was going to be sent back to Italy, according to his interview.
“That’s why he committed the acts inside Ikea against these two
individuals … to make people understand him.”

He said he wasn’t even sure who he attacked, but “they were just
nearby, in the vicinity, and that it was just mere chance that these
two individuals were struck,” according to the report. “Abraham states
at the interrogation proceeding that the individuals that he attacked
with a knife were innocent, and that he hoped they would reach

Ukbagabir also told the investigators that after killing Carola and
Emil Herlin, he turned his weapon on himself. “His desire is that God
will receive him,” police wrote in their interview report.

Police say the attacks were not religiously motivated, however. Both
Ukbagabir and Mahari are Christian, Eva Morén, assistant prosecutor
for the Västmanland District Court, told The Washington Post in a
phone interview.

Finally, Ukbagabir told police that Mahari had “nothing to do with the event.”

Time to wake up

By the time police dropped the murder charges against Mahari, however,
it was already too late. Swedish and international media — including
The Washington Post — had reported his arrest. But the real problem
was the wild speculation spreading on blogs and Web sites, especially
Flashback, a kind of Swedish version of reddit.

Some commenters claimed that Ukbagabir and Mahari were Muslim. Others
said they shouted “Allahu Akbar” as they deliberately targeted two
white Christians. And some went so far as to insist that the two
Eritreans had beheaded their victims.

A grainy photo posted on Swedish and American Web sites claimed to
show one of the decapitated victims inside the store.

“Maybe the murder scene was not random, but rather a deliberately
selected scene for a bloodbath on the Swedes at the most people
terribly symbolic place of all, Ikea?” wrote right-wing Swedish
blogger Percy Rosengren.

“I hope that rage burns like a welding flame,” he added. “Sweden is in
a state of war.”

Sweden Democrats, a right-wing party that has risen rapidly from
obscurity to become the third most powerful party in government thanks
to an anti-immigration platform, sought to exploit the attack to its

“In times like these it may be time to recall how [former prime
minister and political opponent] Fredrik Reinfeldt wanted us to ‘open
our hearts’ and how he thanked us ‘for choosing Sweden,'” wrote Björn
Söder, one of Sweden Democrats’ top officials, on Facebook.

“Do not think that the murdered mother and son at Ikea in Västerås
would stick with the ex-Prime Minister,” Söder said. “Time to wake up,
Swedish people, and consign [Sweden’s pro-immigration] policy where it
belongs! On the trash heap.”

With anti-immigrant rumors and rhetoric spreading online, police sent
officers to protect refugee shelters in Arboga and elsewhere. But it
wasn’t enough.

Four days after the Ikea attack, protesters pelted the Arboga shelter
with eggs. The next night, an anonymous tip led police to discover two
bags of flammable liquid near the home in what cops called a suspected
arson attempt. The same night, another shelter in southern Sweden was
firebombed, although no one was hurt, according to local media.

When Mahari was released four days after the incident, he left jail
only to find himself the subject of death threats, his lawyer told
Radio Sweden. “Considering the threats and what is being written on
several websites, I think he needs protection,” Maria Wilhelmsson

A worrying legacy for Sweden, and Europe

Six weeks later, the aftershocks of the Ikea attack are still
lingering in Sweden and across Europe. In many ways, the case shook
the Scandinavian country to its core, according to Poohl,
editor-in-chief of Expo, the investigative magazine where late
novelist Stieg Larsson once worked.

“You have to understand, Ikea is the symbol of Sweden. It’s the
company that built Sweden. You go into a Swedish home and you’ll find
the furniture is from Ikea,” he told The Post. “You go to Ikea with
your family. Everybody has a relationship of what it means to go to
Ikea. You can build jokes around it. It’s an iconic thing. So when
suddenly this really strange killing happens from nowhere it was
really [disturbing].”

“This was a case that dominated the press at least for a couple of
days,” Poohl said. “First you had this kind of spectacular killing,
and then you also had a debate around how the killings were reported,
which made it even bigger.”

In Sweden, mainstream media rarely report the ethnicity of suspects,
Poohl said. But in this case, it seemed relevant to reveal that the
suspects were asylum-seekers from Eritrea. Moreover, right-wing,
nationalistic Web sites — considered by some in Sweden to be “hate
sites,” Poohl pointed out — were piling added pressure on mainstream
media by inaccurately claiming the attack was the work of Islamist

Meanwhile, the government was giving out little information on the case.

“The media really didn’t know what had happened … so it kind of
created a space for speculation,” Poohl said. “In the end, the media
started to realize that there was one killer, not two. So you have
this guy who kind of followed the killer to Ikea and suddenly saw this
guy commit horrific crimes and … his name was all over the place,
described as a killer as well when he ended up being totally

Poohl doubted that the Ikea attack had driven people to the right or
into the hands of the Sweden Democrats. Instead, he thought the
incident simply hardened people’s preexisting views on asylum-seekers,
both for and against.

But the Ikea slayings have exposed this ever-deepening polarization,
not only in Sweden but also across Europe as the influx of millions of
migrants strains patience and resources. Far-right political parties
are resurgent across the continent, and anti-immigrant message boards
are alive with accounts — often inaccurate or exaggerated — of
incidents like the one in Västerås.

Eva Morén, the assistant prosecutor handling the Ikea killings, told
The Post that she would have to tune out the din of the broader debate
over the millions of refugees knocking on Europe’s doorstep when the
case goes to trial in November. First, Ukbagabir must be found
mentally fit to stand trial.

“The case will be tried as a murder,” Morén said, “as any murder.”
Received on Thu Oct 01 2015 - 23:11:41 EDT

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