Tigray People Liberation Front (TPLF) Lies about Nile Agreement

From: Amanu <abiedemariam_at_gmail.com_at_dehai.org>
Date: Thu, 16 Apr 2015 23:26:26 -0400

*Tigray People Liberation Front (TPLF) Lies about Nile Agreement*

*Amanuel Biedemariam*

The recent “Agreement on Declaration of Principles between Egypt, Ethiopia
and Sudan on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam Project (GERDP),” is yet
another example on how the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) is
selling Ethiopia while in-the-process of formulating the Greater (Abay)
Independent Tigray.

The TPLF has been selling the Hidesa/Renaissance Dam as if it is an
existential issue and, that it is “Ethiopia’s right to develop.” To that
end, the TPLF turned the issue to a political-campaign designed to rally
the Ethiopian people, sold shares to ensure funding (albeit unsuccessfully)
and tried to paint Egypt as villain-determined to stop Ethiopian progress
by any means.

However, contrary to the rhetoric, the agreement favors Egypt and
neutralizes Ethiopia’s sovereign right to the Nile. Any future development
project related to the Nile must go through international panel of experts.
That means Ethiopia can-no longer unilaterally decide what it can do with
the Nile.

The core of the agreement is predicated upon the headline, “Principle to
Cooperate on the First Filling and Operation of the Dam,” which states,

“To implement the recommendations of the International Panel of Experts
(IPOE), respect the final outcomes of the Technical National Committee
(TNC) Final Report on the joint studies recommended in the IPOE Final
Report throughout the different phases of the project. The three
countries, in the spirit of cooperation, will utilize the final outcomes of
the joint studies, to be conducted as per the recommendations of the IPoE
Report and agreed upon by the TNC.”

The question; what lead to the sudden change? How did the parties come to
the framework of agreement? Most important, why did Egypt agree?

The government of Sudan is happy with the TPLF regime. In fact, one can
argue that ethnically divided and weakened Ethiopia serves Sudan’s national
interests and the TPLF is a perfect vehicle. Moreover, huge chunks of
Ethiopian land were given to Sudan as part of border agreement and, on the
40th Anniversary of the TPLF, President Omar Al-Bashir of Sudan was amongst
the prominent figures that participated.

 Egypt on the other hand has always had acrimonious relations with
Ethiopia. Egypt has long been suspected of arming various Ethiopian rebels
and, accused for lobbying against the funding of the dam.

 The agreement may have changed the relations finally. And if body-language
and facial expression can tell, the smiles and joyful expression of
President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi of Egypt tells it all. The agreement is a
significant achievement because for the first time Egyptians are able to
secure an agreement that can settle the Nile issue finally.

 The question remains why the TPLF signed an agreement that places more
restrictions on Ethiopia’s ability to exploit the Nile. Why now, after
years of grandstanding, did the TPLF cave-in and sign an agreement?

The reality, it is a classic modus- operandi for the TPLF to sell all they
can be it land, resources etc… for minor-temporary political gain at the
expense of the long term future of the country. In this case however, the
TPLF sold-out the minority TPLF-hardliner which went to-bat to sell the
idea of the Hidesa Dam.

Key: the reason the TPLF sold-off what it calls, “Ethiopian Right to the
Nile,” is to join the alliance led-by Saudi Arabia to attack Yemen and with
a belief, by joining the alliance, it could remain relevant on regional

And true to form, on a recent article on its mouthpiece Aigaforum, TPLF
declared Ethiopia, “Africa’s Next Hegemon: Behind Ethiopia’s power plays,”
and placated the agreement as a major achievement. However, selling-off the
rights to the Nile is a sign of the desperate state that the TPLF finds
itself. It is evident that no matter how hard Hailemariam Desalegn tries,
he cannot assume the stature Meles Zenawi garnered internationally because
he is dealing from a position of weakness.


Tigrayans that support the TPLF regime have been pointing fingers at the
average Ethiopian around the world that stood against the regime and tried
to stop it from raising funds by selling shares and other coercive

The agreement changed that. The people of Tigray are growing uneasy about
the direction of the TPLF. In fact, for the first time, Aigaforum the
mouthpiece of the TPLF was exposed showing its concern when it responded to
a Reuter’s article, “Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan pick two firms for Nile dam
April 10, Aigaforum wrote,

“We hope these two firms have nothing in common with International River or
Oakland Institute! It is also good to check if Mr. Leakey and his "Lake
Turkana" fiasco against Gibe iii has nothing in common with the Dutch

The TPLF is leading Ethiopia and particularly the people of Tigray into a
deep dark state. The longer the TPLF stays in power the worse it will get.
All the rhetoric about Nile was a political ploy that TPLF sold for a
temporary political gain. TPLF is a sham and if not checked they will loot
and run leaving Ethiopia in tatters.


Received on Thu Apr 16 2015 - 23:26:26 EDT

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