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[Dehai-WN] Ottawacitizen.com: Canada to cut aid to Ethiopia

From: Berhane Habtemariam <Berhane.Habtemariam_at_gmx.de_at_dehai.org>
Date: Sun, 13 May 2012 22:54:11 +0200

Canada to cut aid to Ethiopia

By Carl Neustaedter, The Ottawa Citizen May 12, 2012


Ethiopians from the township of Feji Goba pick up bags of maize they receive
through an emergency food assistance program in Shashemene, Ethiopia, after
prolonged droughts affected their crops, February 3, 2012. The relief
program is funded by CIDA and run by the Canadian Foodgrains Bank and its

OTTAWA - The Conservative government will reduce aid to Ethiopia as part of
its effort to slash $377 million in foreign aid over the next three years.

"Ethiopia has been identified as one of the countries where CIDA will reduce
its bilateral programming," the office of International Cooperation Minister
Bev Oda said in an email statement. Oda's office would not disclose the
amount of the cuts.

In 2010-11, Canada spent more than $176 million in Ethiopia, making it our
third-largest aid recipient after Haiti and Afghanistan. This year's cut
will be the second in a row and comes as the country continues to face food
shortages following a devastating drought last year that saw more than one
in 10 citizens receive some level of food assistance.

Cuts are also coming to 12 of the world's poorest countries, Postmedia News
reported last month. Benin, Niger, Cambodia, China, Nepal, Rwanda, Zambia
and Zimbabwe are expected to lose virtually all Canadian aid funding.

The news comes as the World Economic Forum, which Oda attended, wrapped up
Friday in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia's capital. European financial woes are
expected to slow investment across Africa, but oil-rich Middle-Eastern
investors are looking increasingly to Africa, attracted by some of the
world's fastest growing economies, rapidly rising disposable incomes and
relative political stability in many countries.

Q&A: Responses from the office of International Cooperation Minister Bev Oda
to the Citizen's questions on Ethiopia.

Q: Can you confirm that Canada's bilateral aid to Ethiopia will remain
constant for 2012-13 at $146 million (same as 2011-12)? If not, what funding
changes are planned for this year and coming years? Will there be changes to
multilateral aid? If funding has not been cut, can you explain what specific
factors led Canada to keep the funding constant in Ethiopia while a number
of other African and other countries internationally are seeing funding cut
or dropped altogether?

A: Ethiopia has been identified as one of the countries where CIDA will
reduce its bilateral programming.

- Canada's international development assistance will continue our
government's commitment to make our international assistance focused,
effective, and accountable and that Canada will continue to deliver value
for aid dollars, making a real difference in the lives of the people they
are intended to help. \

- We will continue our efforts in this direction and build on steps we have
taken so far. Canada will continue to build on its successes and lessons
learned in its drive for focussed results benefitting the people of Ethiopia
to build upon the results, successes and lessons learned in Ethiopia to
provide the best use of our aid dollars.

- CIDA will maintain strong partnerships with key multilateral and global
partners and will continue to respond quickly and effectively to
humanitarian crises.

- We are consolidating some programming and winding down support where
Canadian commitments have been met.

- At the same time, Canada continues to provide leadership and investments
to various important multilateral initiatives such as the Global Fund to
Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, and the Global Partnership for

- Canada also continues its support to development banks that provide
financing to developing countries to boost economic growth and UN
organizations that provide support and engage with developing countries on a
wide range of issues in all corners of the world.

- CIDA will eliminate/reduce modest multilateral investments that have high
operating costs, that have overlap with other programming or that do not
closely align with CIDA's thematic priorities.

Q: How much do trade and strategic/security concerns factor in to Canada's
bilateral aid strategy for Ethiopia?

A: Results and effectiveness are at the forefront of the development agenda.

- Canada's aid achieves concrete results.

- For example, we support programs that help alleviate hunger in developing
countries, enable millions more children to be in school, and help
developing countries ensure the essential elements for sustainable economic
growth are in place.

- Canada is also leading a global effort to help improve the health of
mothers and children and reduce the number of preventable deaths.

Q: Does Canada support the Ethiopian government's resettlement of Ethiopians
to make way for large-scale commercial agriculture developments? Will CIDA
fund NGOs that help with the humanitarian effects of the resettlement
policy, as it has said it would for Canadian mining projects?

A: CIDA does not provide support to the Government of Ethiopia's Commune
Program nor to any industrial and large scale commercial agriculture

- CIDA currently has no bilateral programming related to the resettlement

Q: Why does Canada continue to support, through its bilateral aid, a
government in Ethiopia that has jailed its opposition and critical
journalists, limits the work of groups to do advocacy work and democratic
development, and is seen by most observers as a repressive, undemocratic
regime that routinely abuses the human rights of its citizens?

A: Canada takes human rights, including the persecution of LGTBQ
individuals, into consideration when determining the most effective
distribution of aid, and Canada takes allegations of human rights abuses in
Ethiopia very seriously.

- Canada does not provide direct budget support to the Government of

- Canada's development assistance to Ethiopia is channelled through
international, multilateral and Canadian organizations.

- Canada attaches conditions and controls to its development assistance
delivery mechanisms in all recipient countries, including Ethiopia to
prevent misuse of Canadian taxpayers' dollars.

Q: Some NGOs complain that CIDA's new competitive-bid protocols on applying
for project funding via the Partnership Branch favour short-term projects to
the detriment of the long-term projects they think a country with
deep-seated poverty like Ethiopia needs. What is CIDA's response to this,
and does it plan any changes to this protocol? Will there be any change of
focus to the kinds of projects the Partnership Branch funds in Ethiopia and
through which partners it will fund them?

A: Efficiency, effectiveness and the capacity to deliver concrete results
are the key criteria for allocating development resources. The most
meritorious proposals put forward by Canadians organizations will continue
to be funded.

- CIDA's Partnerships with Canadians Branch (PWCB) recognises that Canadian
organizations are respected, effective and experienced in work with the
objective of poverty reduction in developing countries.

- Our Government respects the wishes of Canadians who want Canada to do its
part to help those living in poverty. Canadian tax payers also want Canada's
international assistance to be effective and make a real, sustainable
difference to help those we intend to help.

- Under its Partners for Development Program, CIDA selects effective, and
cost -efficient projects that will deliver results and outcomes in an
accountable way.

- CIDA's support decisions are made according to the merits of proposals,
good use of tax payers dollars and results to be achieved, not only based on
organizations. Canada is fortunate to have many organizations based in every
region of Canada and CIDA receives many worthwhile proposals. However, not
every proposal can be supported.

C Copyright (c) The Ottawa Citizen

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