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[Dehai-WN] (Reuters): South Sudanese stranded in Khartoum in legal row

From: Berhane Habtemariam <Berhane.Habtemariam_at_gmx.de_at_dehai.org>
Date: Mon, 9 Apr 2012 20:43:18 +0200

South Sudanese stranded in Khartoum in legal row

Mon Apr 9, 2012 2:11pm GMT

By Ulf Laessing

KHARTOUM, April 9 (Reuters) - Scared and confused, hundreds of South
Sudanese were stranded at Khartoum airport on Monday after being denied
permission to board their flights to the south in a dispute over their legal

"We don't know what to do now," said one young woman, sitting next to a pile
of suitcases and plastic bags outside the heavily guarded front gate of the
international terminal.

The unclear legal status for South Sudanese in the north is one of many
unresolved issues between the former foes since the South gained
independence in July under a peace agreement.

Khartoum has ruled out dual citizenship for more than 500,000 southerners
who have lived in the north for decades and started treating of them as
foreigners on Monday after the end of a grace period.

Until Sunday flights to the southern capital Juba had been conducted at the
domestic terminal without passport controls.

But many are now stuck in limbo, since South Sudan has failed to open an
embassy in Khartoum that can issue passports.

At the airport, hundreds of South Sudanese tried checking into their flights
to Juba early on Monday but immigration officials denied them entry.

"They need passports to board flights," a Sudanese police officer said
inside the terminal.

Both presidents were meant to sign agreements last week to allow citizens
free residency but Sudan's President Omar Hassan al-Bashir called off a
summit with his southern counterpart Salva Kiir after border fighting broke

With almost no passengers to check in, state-owned Sudan Airways and other
local carriers suspended their Juba flights.

"We are ready to fly but wait for a political decision," said an official at
Sudan Airways. The Sudanese foreign ministry could not be reached for

Around 500 South Sudanese queued outside the embassy building but were
unable to get passports or temporary travel documents since it is not yet
fully functional. Khartoum has ruled out dual citizenship.


More than 370,000 southerners, who are mostly Christians or animists, have
gone home since October 2010. Tens of thousands more are now packing up,
feeling they no longer have a future in the mainly Muslim north.

Bashir has said Sudan will adopt an Islamic constitution, while other
officials have said the country needs to cut down on foreign workers to
create jobs to fight an economic crisis.

Tensions erupted into direct clashes in disputed border regions last month,
prompting the United Nations, United States and other global powers to warn
of the possibility that full-blown conflict could renew between the former
civil war foes.

On Monday, Bashir has called on South Sudan to halt aid to rebel groups
north of the shared border, saying security was the key to resolving
disputes that have raised global concerns the two countries could return to

"Despite everything that has happened, we will try to resolve the problems
with South Sudan through negotiations through the ... African Union," he

Both are also arguing over how much the South should pay to export crude
through Sudan, prompting Juba to halt its entire output to stop Khartoum
seizing oil in lieu of "unpaid fees".

They also need to mark their 1,800 km (1,200 mile) border and find a
security arrangement for the frontier regions, where they accuse each other
of supporting rebels in their territory.

The African Union managed to bring them to the negotiating table this week
after the border fighting, but talks were adjourned on Wednesday with no
progress. (Reporting by Ulf Laessing and Khalid Abdelaziz Editing by Maria


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