S.Sudan oil field "bombed", Sudan says hopes to avert war
Tue Mar 27, 2012 6:49pm GMT
* Worst direct confrontation since southern secession
* Violence ends recent thaw and hopes for oil deal
* Much of joint border is disputed
* Khartoum says it doesn't want war (releads with Sudanese accusations, adds
By Hereward Holland and Ulf Laessing
JUBA/KHARTOUM, March 27 (Reuters) - Sudan and South Sudan accused each other
of launching fresh attacks on oil-producing areas either side of their
contested border on Tuesday but Sudan said it hoped the conflict would not
escalate into war.
South Sudan said its neighbour Sudan launched airstrikes on major oilfields
in its Unity state on Tuesday, in one of the most serious reported
confrontations since the South declared independence from Sudan in July.
Asian oil group GNPOC - the Greater Nile Petroleum Operating Company, a
consortium led by China's CNPC - confirmed its facilities had been hit.
Sudan denied launching air strikes but said its ground forces had attacked
southern artillery positions which had fired at the disputed oil-producing
area of Heglig that is partly controlled by Khartoum.
Analysts have long said tensions between the countries could erupt into a
full blown war and disrupt the surrounding region, which includes some of
Africa's most promising economies.
South Sudan won its independence under a 2005 peace deal that ended decades
of civil war with Khartoum, but distrust still runs deep. Both sides are
still at loggerheads over the position of their shared border and how much
the landlocked south should pay to transport its oil through Sudan.
The latest violence has already set back efforts to resolve the countries'
disputes. Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir suspending talks with his
southern counterpart Salva Kiir aimed at resolving their disputes after the
clashes, state media reported.
U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said he was worried about the fighting
that started on Monday in several places along the border.
South Sudan said it evacuated workers from oil fields in its Unity state
after the bombing on Tuesday.
"We still need to assess the destruction. They were bombing the facilities
by air," South Sudan's petroleum and mining minister Stephen Dhieu Dau told
Reuters by telephone.
An area was bombed between the towns of Bentiu and Rubkona, which lie close
to each other, a spokesman for South's Sudan People's Liberation Army added.
"These have been bombed since this morning," Philip Aguer told reporters.
"There is a credibility crisis in Khartoum between those who are for war and
those who are for peace," Aguer said, adding that fighting on the ground
continued during the day on Tuesday.
The head of Sudan's national security and intelligence services Mohammed
Atta al-Moula told journalists Sudanese troops were fighting southern
soldiers on the Sudanese side of the border.
"Until one hour ago troops of the southern army were still ten kilometres on
our side of the border. We have now advanced ... and are still expelling
them." Some prisoners had been taken, he said on Tuesday afternoon.
"We hope this will be no full war," he added. "We have no intentions beyond
liberating our (occupied) land. We don't want to enter southern territory."
Events along the 1,800 km (1,100 miles) long border area are hard to verify
as much of the territory is disputed and barred to journalists.
OIL TALKS OFF
The violence has ended a recent rapprochement between the neighbours which
had made some progress this month in talks in the Ethiopian capital Addis
Ababa, sponsored by the African Union.
Khartoum and Juba earlier this month reached two agreements on the free
movement of citizens in each other's territory, a step that had raised hopes
that an oil deal was also possible during the presidents' meeting.
But Sudan's Information Minister Abdallah Ali Masar questioned the recent
agreements, accusing Juba of playing tricks at the negotiating table.
"The agreements in Addis Ababa and a visit of a southern delegation (on
Friday) to Khartoum was only a swindle and manipulation," he told state news
agency SUNA late on Monday.
Each country has accused the other of supporting rebels on either side of
The U.N. refugee agency UNHCR said it was worried about the safety of 16,000
refugees in Yida camp, South Sudan, near the border where fighting was
reported on Monday.
"It is very close to Yida, that is why we are concerned," UNHCR spokeswoman
Fatoumata Lejeune-Kaba said. "It was already volatile, dangerous and
life-threatening. News of increased cross-border clashes makes it much
worse." (Additional reporting by Khalid Abddelaziz and Stephanie
Ulmer-Nebehay in Geneva; Editing by Andrew Heavens)