[Dehai-WN] (Reuters): INTERVIEW-Sudan candidate for next Arab revolution-opposition

[Dehai-WN] (Reuters): INTERVIEW-Sudan candidate for next Arab revolution-opposition

From: Berhane Habtemariam <Berhane.Habtemariam_at_gmx.de_at_dehai.org>
Date: Tue, 15 Nov 2011 01:17:00 +0100

INTERVIEW-Sudan candidate for next Arab revolution-opposition

Mon Nov 14, 2011 3:31pm GMT

* Small protests over food prices have been broken up

* Inflation hit 19.8 percent in October

* Abu Issa briefly arrested, accused of foreign-backed unrest

By Ulf Laessing

KHARTOUM, Nov 14 (Reuters) - Sudan could see the next Arab revolution
because anger is rising over an economic crisis and government repression
worse than in Egypt before the ousting of Hosni Mubarak, an opposition
leader said on Monday.

"The regime is doomed ... We as opposition agreed that it cannot be
reformed. You need to change, to overthrow the regime," said Farouk Abu
Issa, head of the National Consensus Forces, an umbrella group of Sudan's
main opposition parties.

Sudan has seen a series of small protests in the capital Khartoum and the
undeveloped east against sharp rises in food prices.

Many demonstrators say they have been inspired by "Arab Spring" uprisings in
Egypt and Tunisia but have been quickly dispersed by security forces.

Veteran President Omar Hassan al-Bashir has been battling a severe economic
crises since South Sudan took most of the oil production -- the lifeline of
the economy -- when it split away as an independent country in July, as
agreed under a 2005 peace deal.

The crisis has been exacerbated by fighting with rebels in southern border
states and the western region of Darfur, draining resources at a time when
the state needs to cut expenditure. Inflation hit 19.8 percent in October.

Issa went into exile in Cairo after Bashir seized power in 1989 and has
become a prominent opposition figure since his return.

He was briefly detained last month after officials said he was trying to
organise protests with foreign aid, charges he denies.

"The ruling party says Sudan is not affected by the Arab Spring. How can
Sudan be an exception? Sudan is a stronger candidate (than Egypt and Tunisia
were)," Abu Issa said in an interview.

"The volume of corruption is much worse than in countries that have seen a
revolution, be it Tunisia or Egypt. A small number of people benefit from a
large budget," he said.

"Regarding the repression, lack of respect of human rights, restrictions of
other political rights Sudan is the worst. In Egypt there were some rights
... Here there is no rule of law. Here judges follow the ruling party 100
percent," he said.

Abu Issa said the opposition had been weakened by the dominance of Bashir's
National Congress Party (NCP) but was working out a new strategy to rally

"The opposition parties are weak because they have been deprived of funding,
of a role in the past 20 years. The ruling party has monopolised power," he

The alliance, which includes veteran Islamist leader Hassan al-Turabi, was
planning a conference to work out an alternative government programme and

"I am very optimistic. The regime cannot continue like this much longer."


Bashir is expected to unveil a new cabinet soon to bring in fresh faces
after southern ministers left with Juba's independence.

Government officials say the uprisings in Egypt and Tunisia will not be
repeated in Sudan and the country will be able to overcome the loss of oil
revenues by expanding gold exports and developing the agricultural sector.

"Sudan is different from Libya, Syria or Yemen," deputy parliamentary
speaker Hajo Gassem Al-Sayed told al-Sahafa newspaper on Monday.

"We have put in place solutions ... policies to confront it," he said when
asked whether Sudan could deal with an "Arab revolt".

Abu Issa, a lawyer, said boom years with massive oil revenues had been
wasted by corruption and a lack of planning.

"We made $70 billion from oil but where is the money," he said, citing the
example of the underdeveloped east Sudan where students have been demanding
more development to fight poverty.

"There is no development there, no projects for schools, hospitals,

Abu Issa said the government needed to reach out to South Sudan and end
tensions over violence in the border area -- north and south accuse each
other of backing rebels in each other's territories.

"It is in our and their interest to have normal relations, trade coming over
the border," he said, adding that regardless who was responsible for the
violence diplomacy was required.

"I would not retaliate (against the South). You need to sit down and solve
disputes through dialogue," he said. (Additional reporting by Khalid
Abdelaziz; Editing by Andrew Heavens)

C Thomson Reuters 2011 All rights reserved


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