[Dehai-WN] (IPS): Q&A: Sudan and South Sudan Will Resolve Oil Issues

[Dehai-WN] (IPS): Q&A: Sudan and South Sudan Will Resolve Oil Issues

From: Berhane Habtemariam <Berhane.Habtemariam_at_gmx.de_at_dehai.org>
Date: Sun, 16 Oct 2011 21:50:18 +0200

Q&A: Sudan and South Sudan Will Resolve Oil Issues

Saaleha Bamjee interviews DR. ALI YOUSIF AHMED ALSHARIF, Sudan's ambassador
to South Africa

MIDRAND, South Africa, Oct 16 (IPS) - Sudan and South Sudan will eventually
agree on a reasonable oil-sharing agreement between the two nations as there
has been political will from both sides to find a resolution.

This is according to Dr. Ali Yousif Ahmed Alsharif, Sudan's ambassador to
South Africa.

His comment comes as South Sudanese President Salva Kiir made his first
official state visit to Sudan on Oct. 8. Alsharif said that Kiir's visit is
proof that there is now political will from both sides towards reaching an
agreement, "and this is an important development."

"Ultimately they will agree on a reasonable outcome. Co-operation between
the two countries is very important; it is a matter of viability of the two
countries. They have to be viable to live together. The south is landlocked
and they need the ports of Sudan," Alsharif told IPS.

"During the visit they agreed to never resort to war to solve problems and
that dialogue would be the basis of a resolution," Alsharif said.

Alsharif was attending the
e-oil-issues/%22http:/www.pan-africanparliament.org/%22> Pan-African
Parliament, which wrapped up its Fifth Ordinary Session of the Second
Parliament in Midrand, South Africa on Friday.

IPS spoke to Alsharif about the difficulties facing both Sudan and South
Sudan after secession in July and the tensions in the Abyei region. Abeyi
remains part of Sudan and could join South Sudan if ethnic groups in the
region vote in a referendum to do so.

Alsharif explained that the oil-rich Abyei region is populated by the Dinka
Ngok tribe, the biggest ethnic group in South Sudan and the Missiriya, a
northern nomadic tribe.

Q: What challenges do Sudan and South Sudan face after the secession?

A: The "divorce" has not been an easy one.

In accordance with the comprehensive peace agreement, it was agreed that the
Abyei region was to have a referendum to determine the future of the area
and whether its residents want to stay in Sudan or if they want to be part
of South Sudan. In this referendum it would have been both the (South
Sudanese) and (Sudanese) in the area voting.

The problem was caused by the refusal of the south to allow the Missiriya
tribe to vote. The south said only the Dinka Ngok could vote. The north said

The tensions are still going on and the referendum is pending. It has
resulted in the Sudanese army occupying the area because of attacks from the
army of the south. Now there is an agreement for Ethiopian troops, under a
United Nations mandate, to replace the Sudanese Army and a joint
administration will be formed between Sudan and South Sudan and negotiations
will continue.

Q: What of the oil-sharing issue between Sudan and South Sudan?

A: The oil sharing (agreement) is pending. About 75 percent of the
discovered oil is in the south with the rest in the north. The entire oil
infrastructure, however, is based in the north.

We are now discussing dividing the oil wealth and there is no problem with
the share, 75 to 25 percent. The issue is with the pricing. Although the
offer to accept the 75 to 25 percent (share) is a little bit unfair for the

According to international practice, you usually (split the resources) 50 to
50 percent for 10 or 15 years after the split because initially (the
previously combined nation) contributed to the set-up costs etc. That is why
the north wants to charge more for transport, to replace the loss of income.

Q: Some political analysts are saying that China, due to its large oil
investments in Sudan, is in a position to play a greater diplomatic role in
reducing conflict between South Sudan and Sudan. What are your thoughts on

A: I was the Sudanese ambassador to China in 1993 to 1998 and this was when
we started co- operation with them in Sudan. The government in South Sudan
of course inherited the agreements that were signed by the government of
Sudan at that time.

So China is in the south and China is also in the north, and it is in the
interests of all three parties to co-operate in a constructive way.

In our experience, China has been a very good partner in development and we
think they will be a very good element of stability and development between
the north and the south.

The presence of China in Africa raises the envy and concerns of the West,
because they see that China is a stable economy when the economies of Europe
and America are in shambles.

Q: How would you react to the claim that the conflict affecting the
communities along the border states will result in genocide?

A: The main reason for the conflict in
e-oil-issues/%22http:/www.ips.org/africa/2011/09/sudan-new-> Blue Nile and
state-of-ghost-towns/%22> Southern Kordofan is that there are many
individuals who fought with the southern
e-oil-issues/%22http:/www.splmtoday.com/%22> Sudan People's Liberation
Movement (SPLM) and its army (Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA)). When
the south signed the peace agreement, it had to be decided how they were
going to move forward, and how the regions were to be ruled within a united
north Sudan.

We started to have problems, caused by elements from the SPLA.

In Southern Kordofan we had general elections during 2009 and the SPLM
disagreed with the census, despite it being declared fair by the
international community.

Based on a second census, they held elections and the northern-affiliated
National Congress Party (NCP) candidate won and the NCP obtained more seats
than the SPLM. The SPLM then said the elections were rigged and started the

In the Blue Nile, it was a similar problem with the SPLM faction in the

So there is no genocide, but it seems that when rebel forces attack and kill
it is tolerated, but when government forces act to protect, it is seen

During Kiir's visit to Khartoum he was requested to refrain from supporting
the rebels who fight in the north, no matter what their previous relations
were. South Sudan is now a sovereign state and has no right to interfere in
the affairs of the north.



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Received on Sun Oct 16 2011 - 15:50:32 EDT
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