[Dehai-WN] (Reuters): Exclusive - War only option to topple Syrian leader - colonel

[Dehai-WN] (Reuters): Exclusive - War only option to topple Syrian leader - colonel

From: Berhane Habtemariam <Berhane.Habtemariam_at_gmx.de_at_dehai.org>
Date: Fri, 7 Oct 2011 14:20:15 +0200

Exclusive - War only option to topple Syrian leader - colonel

Fri Oct 7, 2011 10:43am GMT

By Jonathon Burch

ANTAKYA, Turkey (Reuters) - The most senior officer to defect from Syria's
armed forces has said there is no option but to topple President Bashar
al-Assad by force and he was directing a military uprising against the
Syrian leader from within Turkey.

Colonel Riad al-As'aad, who is now living under Turkish government
protection in Hatay province on the Syrian border, said some 15,000
soldiers, including officers, had already deserted, and he was waiting to
move his command inside Syria.

As'aad, A slim, softly-spoken man dressed in civilian clothes and
open-collared shirt, said rebel soldiers were forming brigades around the
country who were setting up ambushes against government forces to prevent
them entering villages.

Morale in the Syrian army, he said, was low.

"Without a war, he will not fall. Whoever leads with force, cannot be
removed except by force," As'aad told Reuters in a Syrian refugee camp in

"The regime used a lot of oppressive and murderous tactics so I left, so
that I will be the face outside for the command inside, because we have to
be in a secure area and right now there is no safety in all of Syria," he

As'aad sat in the shade of a tree as Syrian refugee children laughed and
played in the background. Music rang out from a nearby tent that served as a
makeshift school.

Like most of the military, al-As'aad is Sunni Muslim; but the command is in
the hands of officers from Assad's Alawite sect, an offshoot of Shi'ite
Islam that also dominates the security apparatus and the ruling elite in the
majority Sunni country.

As'aad, who has been in Turkey for more than two months, is under constant
guard by Turkey's gendarmerie and his exact location is kept secret for his
own security.

"We're in contact with defectors on a daily basis. We coordinate on a daily
basis with officers. Our plan is to move to Syria. We're waiting to find a
safe place which we can turn into a leadership base in Syria," he said.

Damascus portrays the rebel soldiers as traitors serving the enemies of

Some of the fighting has come close to the Turkish border and there has been
speculation in Turkish media that if the flow of refugees became too great,
Ankara could impose a 'buffer zone' on the Syrian side of the frontier --
something it did in northern Iraq in the 1990s. Turkey denies any such

Turkey's open harbouring of As'aad marks a further sharpening of its
attitude towards President Bashar al-Assad, whom it had long seen as an

Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan has called for Assad to go and is drawing up
sanctions that could hit the Syrian economy hard. He is expected to fly down
to the Syrian border soon to make a speech at a refugee camp for Syrians
fleeing fighting.


Greying and clean-shaven, except for a moustache, As'aad reflected on the
situation inside Syria, painting a picture of movement to and fro across the

"The army officer comes here only if he's reached the stage of death or if
he's in very serious danger, so he is forced to enter Turkey . sometimes
they don't stay for too long and then re-enter Syria, depending on the
security situation."

"Today there was an attack on Jabal al-Zawi and the Ghab region and military
jets bombarded civilians who had escaped to the mountains. Until now three
have been martyred, and 27 are missing. I have the names of the martyrs," he
said, pulling out a folded piece of paper with three names scribbled in

The 50-year-old colonel, who served as an engineer in Syria's air force for
31 years, said the Syrian government had started to harass him and other
officers when pro-democracy protests first started in Tunisia.

"During the revolution in Tunisia, the regime started getting ready. It felt
there will be a revolution in Syria. So it (stepped up security), hired
spies to harass us. We were always under surveillance," he said.

As'aad said he was summoned to the air force intelligence department in
Aleppo where he was coerced into confessing there were armed groups among
his relatives because there were demonstrations in his village. It was after
this that he deserted.

As'aad says he commands the Syrian Free Army, which he helped form after his
defection and that they had joined forces with another rebel force, the Free
Officers movement, which activists have said is led by Lieutenant
Abdelrahman Sheikh inside Syria.

"We're all one group, we're all one army. We're all waiting, the defecting
brothers are working inside," he said.

As'aad said 10-15,000 soldiers, out of the roughly 200,000-strong military,
had defected all over the country and that desertions were continuing every

"The Syrian army's morale is tired. Defections are happening daily . there
are several units that have lost their function because of the defections,"
he said.

"The regime is weakening and the biggest proof, is that they're using air
support in addition to tanks and artillery, that proves their weakness."

Some opponents of Assad argue resistance should remain peaceful and that
armed action could only worsen the situation.


There are fears, including in Turkey, that an escalation of violence in
Syria, particularly with an armed opposition, may lead to a sectarian civil
war. But As'aad said while Assad's rule was discriminatory, it would not
lead to sectarian war.

"The regime depends on a sect ... and it is a sectarian and discriminatory
regime. But our people are wiser than that. All Syrians are one people,
whether Alawite, Druze or Christian or even the Kurds. We respect them we
consider them our family," he said.

There had so far been no defections from Syria's political elite as happened
in Libya, As'aad said, because they were tied too closely through economic
interests or positions.

As'aad said he did not want to see any foreign soldiers in Syria but that
the international community should provide the rebels with weapons and
enforce a no-fly zone.

"If they don't give it to us, we will fight with our nails until the regime
is toppled. I tell Bashar al-Assad, the people are stronger than you.

C Thomson Reuters 2011 All rights reserved


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